Illicit use of drugs is a common problem in modern-day society. Worse still, it occurs mostly among the youths who are supposed to be productive and develop the community. Drug abuse has caused a lot of damage to our many lives. Drug addiction, which is a similar but different issue, has a lot of economic, psychological, and mental effects, not only on the person involved but also on everybody associated with him. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the effect of drug abuse on the nation is worth over 470 billion dollars every year. This cost includes the cost of the reduction in productivity, investigation of crime, prosecution of criminals, and treatment of addicts and their victims. An addict finds life miserable, can spend his entire life saving to get drugs, and will be willing to do anything to satisfy the urge. It will undoubtedly affect every other aspect of life.
Drug addiction has been responsible for many cases of school dropouts, relationship break-ups, crime, and violent actions. Statistics at the National Institute of Health (NIH) indicate that about 10% at a point have an issue with drug misuse. A report from theClosing the Addiction Treatment Gap (CATG) initiative claims that 23 million Americans are addicted to the drug but unfortunately, only 10 percent of them are actively looking for help.
There are many programs designed to support people suffering from drug addiction. These programs are called rehabilitation programs. What exactly are they, and how are they executed?
Drug Rehabilitation Programs
What Are Drug Rehabilitation Programs?
Drug rehabilitation is aimed at helping people who depend on street drugs to stop the habit and overcome the challenges associated with it. These include counselling and medical treatment, including mental health treatments. Other activities in the center may include the sharing of testimonies of people who overcame addiction. The treatments might be in-patient or out-patient. Combinations of these programs are usually performed at special centers called drug rehabs.
What Happens in the Rehab Centers?
A drug and alcohol rehab center is a place that provides intensive care for addicts that are seeking help. They have full residential facilities, and people in the rehab center are to stay in the facility during their treatment period. The period spent in the centre is usually around 30 days. However, the duration of stay may depend on the condition of the addict.
A patient could be advised to go to a rehab center, and a court may order a criminal to undergo rehabilitation, but in most cases, visits to rehab centers are usually voluntary actions. Also, the willingness of the patient to give up drug use is a key factor in the success of the program. Therefore, clients walk involuntarily to rehab centers and are equally free to walk out at any time. Rehabs are not only in-patient treatment centers, but some centers also offer out-patients treatments.
Generally, the rehab program at rehabilitation centers normally starts from detox treatment. This is a treatment given to get rid of the drug present in the body of the client. Medication may also be given to relieve withdrawal symptoms. This may last for a week.
Then the client will undergo counseling and evaluation before he starts the therapy sessions. Many rehab centers have a series of therapies and other activities to engage their clients. These programs will help the addict to cope with triggers, be sober, and learn a better way to interact with others. They will also learn how to manage their emotion, overcome relapse, and correct many issues the addiction had damaged. Counselling is usually done regularly. Behavioural therapies are also regular, and patients may also be required to have group therapy. Medication may also be administered, especially towards the end of the program. Most of the medications are focused on preventing relapse and relieving withdrawal symptoms. However, no all types of drug addiction can be treated with medication.
Why Go to A Rehab Center?
The following are the benefits of going to a rehab center as opposed to getting help at home:
- Round the clock attention by professionals.
- There are therapy sessions for groups and families that will help you learn better ways to associate with others.
- There are life skills training.
- Daily counselling.
- Proper planning to avoid relapse.
- Many centers offer aftercare services.
How Much Does A Rehab Program Cost
Facilities available in rehab centers usually vary from one center to another in terms of quality and quantity. Just like medical services, there are standard centers, and there are executive ones. Also, in the same center, there might be basic treatment and VIP treatment. Hence the cost of the services rendered varies widely. It depends on the center and the kind of treatments offered to the client.
Other Rehab Programs
Not only rehab centers provide supports for addicts. Other programs include:
Support groups consist of people who are passing through or had passed through similar problems. These members do come together frequently to assist one another; encourage one another, share opinions and testimonies. They offer non-professional advice and support. The major advantage of these groups is that it doesn’t cost any amount of money to join and get the needed support and assistance.
- Sober Houses
Sober houses are usually for people coming from the rehab center to help them prevent relapse. However, it may also accept addicts that have not been to the rehab center.
- Mental Health Treatment
Drug addiction is strongly associated with mental problems. Hence mental health treatment may be effective in combating it.
- Other Medical Treatments
There are many medications that can also assist drug addicts in stopping the act or preventing relapse. These can be given to patients on an out-patient basis.
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